You don’t want to be surprised with the appearance of Aunt Flo and carry sanitary pads or tampons along with everywhere you go. Guess what?! It never arrives. You are smart enough to rule out the primary cause of amenorrhea or reason of missed period- Pregnancy and during breastfeeding.
5 questions every menstruating woman should note down if she has irregular period:
- What is the mechanism of menstruation?
- Why the bleeding hasn’t begun?
- Why did I menstruate early this month?
- Why did my period stop suddenly?
- What are the causes of irregular period?
I want this post easy to understand without the heavy medical terminologies.
What every woman should know about menstruation?
- Irregular period is common
- Every woman does not have 28 days menstrual cycle
- The range of menstrual cycle can be between every 20 to 35 days provided they are consistent.
What exactly is irregular period?
If the bleeding occurs within 20 days in a given month, 35 days the next month, spotting in between, or absence of bleeding for many months (ruling out pregnancy).
If you stand in any of this range, you must get evaluated further with a health care provider.
COMMON CAUSES OF IRREGULAR PERIOD:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS, PCOD)
PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder affecting 1 in 10 women. As the name suggests, there are multiple ovarian cyst formation. Irregular period is the common symptom in PCOS.
To explain it in simple terms: Cysts = multiple follicles growing haphazardly = size of ovaries increases = no formation of egg (anovulation) = hormonal imbalance = absence of menses = abnormal growth of hair (especially face)
Anovulation is the main cause of infertility in cases of polycystic ovarian syndrome.
The stats of PCOS cases are ever increasing but what exactly causes it is still obscure.
It is a painful condition where the tissue found in uterus grows around ovaries, fallopian tubes and other pelvic organs.
Slight spotting or bleeding begins before actual menstrual period. Endometriosis is cause of infertility in about 20 to 40 % cases.
Thyroid gland disorders
Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped organ situated at the base of neck. It can be said that it is one of the major controller of our body which has its effect on heart, brain, kidney, in other words: inspector of all the major organs.
Usually there is bleeding between periods or heavy bleeding in cases of thyroid gland diseases.
Anorexia (refusing to eat) and bulimia (overeating followed by self-induced vomiting or fasting) grossly affects menstrual cycle.
Birth control pills
Yes its true, in some females the pills does affect the menstrual cycle either the bleeding is in spots or there is delay in onset of menstruation.
The above conditions are not the only causes of irregular menstrual cycle. I suggest you consult a gynaecologist for further investigation and treatment.
Investigation of irregular period is must for every woman even in those who have decided not to bear a child. Menstrual cycle is an essential part of our body where the hormones when secreted in normal quantity keep us healthy. There are many menstrual tracker apps available. Start using one of them. The one I use is Clue and it helps me tracking the cycle length because my menstrual cycle fluctuates due to premature ovarian failure.